What Is the Extent of Human Trafficking in the Washington D.C.?
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What Is the Extent of Human Trafficking in the United States?
* Minors induced into commercial sex are human trafficking victims- regardless if force, fraud, or coercion ispresent
Human trafficking occurs when a perpetrator, often referred to as a trafficker, takes any one of the enumerated Actions, and then employs the Means of force, fraud or coercion for the Purpose of compelling the victim to provide commercial sex acts or labor or services.
At a minimum, one element from each column must be present to establish a potential situation of human trafficking. The presence of force, fraud or coercion indicates that the victim has not consented of his or her own free will.
According to Polaris Project, an unknown number of U.S. citizens and legal residents are trafficked within the country for sexual servitude and forced labor. Contrary to a common assumption, human trafficking is not just a problem in other countries. Cases of human trafficking have been reported in all 50 states, Washington D.C., and the U.S. territories. Victims of human trafficking can be children or adults, U.S. citizens or foreign nationals, male or female.
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THE A-M-P MODEL
How can we Recognize Human Trafficking?
In 2016, The National Human Trafficking Hotline confirmed 85 reported cases of human trafficking in the District of Columbia. Out of the 85 reported cases, there were 35 cases involving minors. Many victims are men, women, and children from at-risk or vulnerable populations including people of color, runaways, homeless youth, and the LGBQTA community.
Human trafficking is a serious federal crime with penalties of up to imprisonment for life. Federal law defines "severe forms of trafficking in persons” as: "(A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery." [U.S.C. §7102(8)]
In short, human trafficking is a form of modern slavery. Those who recruit minors into commercial sexual exploitation (or prostitution) violate federal anti-trafficking laws, even if there is no force, fraud, or coercion.
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US National Human Trafficking Hotline: 1 888-373-7888